Pokhara valley extends, in
the 'Oriental Realm', between the north
parallels of 250 7’ and 280 10' and east
meridians of 83050' and 84050'. Situated in the
mountainous region of the southern Himalayas and
trapped between the higher Himalayas in the
north and Mahabharat range in the south, it
occupies central position in the country. It
valley spreads mainly over Kaski district and
covers small portions of Tanahun and Syangja
district from Pokhara, Tibetan border to the
north is 72 kilometers and Indian border to the
south is 78 kilometers. Within a small area the
elevation ranges nearly from 500 meters to 3,000
meters in the Pokhara valley.
Based on the administrative division on
hierarchical order Pokhara lies in Western
Development Region, Gandaki Zone and Kaski
District. The valley includes Pokhara Sub
Metropolitan City', Lekhnath Municipality, and
some other Village Development Committees. The
city is located in the central part of the
ORIGIN OF POKHARA
The development of Pokhara valley and the origin
of Annapurna range including the majestic peak
Macchapuchhre is ascribed to Geological faulting
in the 'Tertiary Period! (between 65 25 million
years ago from now). The convergence of Indian
peninsula with Tibetan plate resulted into
upsurge of Himalayas from the Tethys sea. After
the upsurge of Annapurna range, due to the
action of climatic components, glaciers started
eroding mountains. The eroded materials
limestone, gneiss and quartzite were transported
downwards depositing larger and coarser debris
first and smaller as well as smoother debris
later. Therefore the northern region of Pokhara
has thicker layer of coarser and larger boulders
but this thickness decreases southward and
smoothness and size reduction occurs gradually.
In this way, the tectonic valley was developed
due to the hauling of debris as moraine and
subsequent deposition as lake deposit.
Pokhara experiences humid sub tropical to warm temperate
climate. The climate of Pokhara valley is basically the
influence of topography. Yearly mean temperature of the city
(827m) is 20.80C whereas monthly averages are maximum 25.50C
(During July and August) and minimum 13.20C (during
January). The deviation of temperature from mean value is
also interesting: absolute maximum temperature is 37.40C and
absolute minimum temperature 2.40C. Average annual rainfall
recorded in Pokhara city is 3,755mm while 5,337mm is
recorded in Lumle (a village nearby Pokhara city). Pokhara
receives both monsoon and winter rains. It is important to
note that profound effect of micro climatic elements on
climatic parameters is clearly observable around Pokhara.
Sunshine hours in Pokhara is estimated to be nearly six
hours a day on an annual average. From June to August,
monsoon clouds may create problems to view and photograph
the mountains. Rest of the months are almost cloud free but
November to March is the best time to avoid this problem.
The annual average high wind speed recorded at Pokhara is 4
km per hour from February to June. The air is generally
humid throughout the year with 80.16% relative humidity on
yearly average. The relative humidity is found to be low in
March and high in April.
The climate 'is neither too cold nor too hot Hence, from
climatic point of view, Pokhara is enjoyable all year round.
However, to visit higher Himalayas northern of Pokhara,
especially for trekkers the best period is February to
GETTING INSIDE POKHARA
Pokhara, now a days, is linked to the major
cities of Nepal by air and road transportation.
Aeroplanes of different airlines fly several
times a day from Kathmandu to Pokhara and many
times a week from other major cities of the
country. All the cities of Nepal where motoring
has been possible so far, are linked to Pokhara
by roads and regular bus services are available.
Pokhara is the only city in Nepal which is
famous for the Himalayan Peaks and the Annapurna
Himalayan Range. Some of the Famous Mountains
that can be seen from Pokhara are Mt.
Machhapuchree, Mt. Dhaulagiri, Mt. Annapurna,
Mt. Hinchuli etc. it is the only City in Nepal
that consist of seven beautiful lakes. Some of
the famous lakes are Fewa Lake, Begnas Lake and
Rupa Lake. It is the only City in Nepal that has
excellent and breath taking caves. There are
more then 5 caves within this city. Some of the
most popular caves are Mahendra cave, Bat cave,
Kali khola cave, Shiva cave etc.
Pokhara is the only City that has several rivers
flowing within itself. Some of the major rivers
that flow within this beautiful city are Seti,
Yamdi, Mardi, Kali Khola, Madi etc. This City
must be God's idea of heaven. Pokhara is so rich
in Natural vegetation and excellent climatic
conditions. It is neither too hot nor too cold.
It seems to be a paradise.
If Kathmandu is the cultural hub of
Nepal, then Pokhara is its center of adventure!